Does a preoperative rehabilitation program ("prehabilitation") have a beneficial effect on patients undergoing major abdominal surgery? A recent randomized trial using a personalized intervention program, which included high-intensity endurance training using a stationary bicycle, provided helpful information about the benefit of preoperative conditioning on postoperative outcome in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. It demonstrated a reduction in complications, with cardiovascular complications having the greatest reduction. The reduction in medical complications was accompanied by a trend toward a reduction in hospital length of stay and intensive care unit (ICU) utilization.
Source article: Albert B. Lowenfels. Impact of Prehabilitation on Postop Complications - Medscape - May 15, 2018. https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/896268.